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Source Image: PR313_01_14 of Column Fragment (2) of Euromos: Temple of Zeus

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Description

Fluted column from the Temple of Zeus at Euromos.

Monument
Euromos: Temple of Zeus 
Monument Part
Column Fragment (2) 
Monument Type
Architecture 
Material(s)
Marble (Visual identification)  
Date
ad 100 - ad 200 
Keywords
GuidelineFlutingColumn Shaft  
Collections
Euromos  

Location

Original Location
Euromos 

Evidence for working practices

1. Guideline

Process
Laying-out
Tool
Point
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Medium
Description
Short lines are incised into the surface of this shaft at the top of each fillet between the flutes. These seem to have been guidelines incised into the surface of the stone to assist during the laying-out of the fluting. Guidelines of different types are seen on fluted columns from Aphrodisias and the Temple of Vespasian in Rome.

2. Toolmarks

Process
Rough shaping
Tool
Point
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Medium
Description
Parallel lines of careful point chiselling are visible on the flutes themselves.

Notes

The Temple of Zeus at Euromos was built in the 2nd century AD on the site of an earlier temple. It is especially interesting because it was only part-finished, with some of its columns never fluted and others only roughly fluted.

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