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Source Image: PR222_02_18 of Portrait of Marcus Aurelius of Capitoline Museums: Statuary

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Description

Portrait of Marcus Aurelius

Monument
Capitoline Museums: Statuary 
Monument Part
Portrait of Marcus Aurelius 
Monument Type
Statuary 
Material(s)
 
Date
post ad 161 - pre ad 180 
Keywords
Marcus Aurelius  
Collections
Capitoline Museums, Rome  

Location

Current Location
Capitoline Museums 

Evidence for working practices

1. - Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Drill
Method
Vertical (90°)
Description
Extensive drilling in the hair and beard has been undertaken to achieve the visible depth. This is a hallmark of portrait carving in the Antonine period.

1. - Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
The corner of a flat chisel has been used to detail the iris and pupil and indicate the hairs of the eyebrows.

2. Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Channelling Tool
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
Following drilling the channelling tool or a very narrow flat chisel has been used to articulate the curls in the hair.

3. Toolmarks

Process
Smoothing
Tool
Abrasives
Description
The face is very smooth and has probably been worked with abrasives.

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