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Source Image: PR500_04_02 of Panel 1 of Orvieto Cathedral

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Description

Detail of the relief carving of Adam and Eve on Panel 1.

Monument
Orvieto Cathedral 
Monument Part
Panel 1 
Monument Type
Architecture 
Material(s)
Undefined white marble (Visual identification)  
Date
circa ad 1330 - circa ad 1339 
Keywords
AdamEveWaterSnakeFoliage  
Collections
Orvieto  

Evidence for working practices

1. - Toolmarks

Process
Outlining
Tool
Channelling Tool
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
Evidence for outlining is visible around the figures. This was probably done with a channelling tool or a narrow flat chisel.

1. - Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Drill
Method
Vertical (90°)
Description
A pump drill was used in the tree (note that this is not the same as the cord drill used in the Roman period).

2. Toolmarks

Process
Polishing
Tool
Abrasives
Description
Abrasives were used across the surface of the figures.

Notes

The scene shows Eve giving a fig to Adam, not an apple. This section is much more finished with the use of abrasives and some evidence for outlining.

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