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Source Image: PR222_04_13 of Statue of Polyphemus of Capitoline Museums: Statuary

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Description

Diagram showing toolmarks on the statue of Polyphemus in the Capitoline Museum.

Monument
Capitoline Museums: Statuary 
Monument Part
Statue of Polyphemus 
Monument Type
Statuary 
Material(s)
 
Date
post ad 1 - pre ad 200 
Collections
Capitoline Museums, Rome  

Location

Current Location
Capitoline Museums 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Fine shaping
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
Most of the surface of this statue is carved with the flat chisel.

2. Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Drill
Method
Vertical (90°)
Description
Drill marks are visible in the deep grooves around the figures and in their hair.

3. Toolmarks

Process
Smoothing
Tool
Rasp
Description
Very few rasp marks are visible but there are patches under the larger figure's legs.

4. Block joint

Process
Restoration
Description
The lines of the various blocks on this figure are marked in this image and show that this statue was composed of multiple elements while the whole of the figure's right hand is restored.

Notes

This image shows the range of tools used on this statue and the study of which reveals that it was built up from fragments of different statues. Interpretation of it has changed over the years with it initially being interpreted as Pan and only later being identified as Polyphemus.

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