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Source Image: PR314_01_08 of Arch of Galerius

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Description

The arch of Galerius.

Monument
Arch of Galerius 
Monument Type
Architecture 
Material(s)
 
Date
ad 298 - ad 303 
Keywords
Barbarian  
Collections
Thessaloniki  

Location

Current Location
Thessaloniki 

Evidence for working practices

1. Block joint

Process
Placement
Description
The carving is continuous across the block joins suggesting that the carving was undertaken in place.

2. Clamp socket

Process
Securing
Description
The clamps were placed at block intersection to secure the reliefs together.

3. Toolmarks

Process
Outlining
Tool
Channelling Tool
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
The channelling tool was used to outline the figures on the relief panels and add details to the clothing.

4. Toolmarks

Process
Removal
Tool
Point
Method
Angle: Steep (60-70°)
Force: Medium
Description
The clamps that hold the relief panels together on the arch were pried out for reuse since the metal was valuable.

Notes

The Arch of Galerius is composed of a brick core faced with marble sculptural panels that celebrate the victory of the tetrarch Galerius over the Sassanid Persians and the capture of their capital Ctesiphon in 298.

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