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Source Image: PR225_02_12 of Continuous Relief of Arch of Trajan

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Description

Detail of bull.

Monument
Arch of Trajan 
Monument Part
Continuous Relief 
Monument Type
Architecture 
Material(s)
Undefined white marble (Visual identification)  
Date
circa ad 114 - circa ad 117 
Keywords
FigureOxFoliageMoulding  
Collections
Arch of Trajan, Benevento  

Location

Original Location
Benevento 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
The leaves on the moulding at the top are textured using the flat chisel running down each leaf.

2. Toolmarks

Process
Smoothing
Tool
Rasp
Description
The rasp is used to smooth the skin of the bull.

3. - Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Drill
Method
Vertical (90°)
Description
The drill is employed here in the hair of the bull and the man, as well as in the leaves of the moulding at the top.

3. - Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Channelling Tool
Description
A channelling tool was used in conjunction with the drill to achieve depth in the moulding especially.

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