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Source Image: PR225_02_15 of Continuous Relief of Arch of Trajan

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Description

Detail of bull's head.

Monument
Arch of Trajan 
Monument Part
Continuous Relief 
Monument Type
Architecture 
Material(s)
Undefined white marble (Visual identification)  
Date
circa ad 114 - circa ad 117 
Keywords
OxFoliageMoulding  
Collections
Arch of Trajan, Benevento  

Location

Original Location
Benevento 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
Several lines of flat chiseling can be seen on the eyelid of the bull.

2. Toolmarks

Process
Smoothing
Tool
Rasp
Description
The final finish on the skin on the bull here was applied using the rasp.

3. Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Drill
Method
Vertical (90°)
Description
The drill is employed here in the hair of the bull, as well as in the leaves of the moulding at the top.

4. Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Channelling Tool
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
A channelling tool was used to achieve depth with the drill in the leaves of the moulding.

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