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Source Image: PR208_01_21 of Frieze of Column of Marcus Aurelius

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Description

Detail of a barbarian.

Monument
Column of Marcus Aurelius 
Monument Part
Frieze 
Monument Type
Architecture 
Material(s)
Luna Marble (Archaeometric identification)  
Date
ad 180 - ad 192 
Keywords
BarbarianHead  
Collections
Column of Marcus Aurelius, Rome  

Location

Original Location
Rome 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Drill
Method
Vertical (90°)
Description
Clear drill marks can be seen in the eyes of these individuals and in their hair and beards.

2. Toolmarks

Process
Smoothing
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
Marks of the flat chisel can be seen on the background which was quite carefully smoothed.

3. Toolmarks

Process
Smoothing
Tool
Rasp
Description
The skin of the rear figure has been smoothed with the rasp.

Notes

Like many other monuments in Rome, the Column of Marcus Aurelius is covered in places with a thin coating - often called scialbatura - the origin of which is not clear; it might have been applied deliberately to protect the surface of the stone or it might be a naturally occurring patina which develops on the stone over time. Where this coating is found details of the carving are often very well preserved.

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