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Source Image: PR210_01_14 of Tondo B of Arch of Constantine

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Description

Detail of the deity.

Monument
Arch of Constantine 
Monument Part
Tondo B 
Monument Type
Relief 
Material(s)
Marble (Visual identification)  
Date
circa ad 117 - circa ad 138 
Keywords
BodyDeityMeasuring PointSacrifice  
Collections
Arch of Constantine, Rome  

Location

Original Location
Rome 

Evidence for working practices

1. Measuring point

Process
Measurement
Description
This image shows the pair of measuring knobs left on the chest of this deity. These are certainly not marks of the pointing machine, which was a much later invention, and were probably reference points from which the carver worked with callipers. In this case it is probable that these points were left on purpose because there would have been no need to leave them beyond the initial shaping phase of work but here the skin of the deity is carefully smoothed and most of the detailing finished.

2. Toolmarks

Process
Smoothing
Tool
Rasp
Description
The rasp was used on the skin of this figure, as well as on the background, to smooth it.

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