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Source Image: PR301_01_08 of Tiberius with captive panel of Aphrodisias: Sebasteion

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Description

Detail of the legs of the emperor in the Sebasteion panel depicting Tiberius and a captive.

Monument
Aphrodisias: Sebasteion 
Monument Part
Tiberius with captive panel 
Monument Type
Relief 
Material(s)
Aphrodisian marble (Visual identification)  
Date
circa ad 20 - circa ad 60 
Keywords
BodyClothingTiberiusMeasuring Point  
Collections
Aphrodisias, Site and Museum  

Location

Original Location
Aphrodisias 
Current Location
Aphrodisias Museum 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Squaring
Tool
Point
Method
Angle: Vertical (90°)
Force: Hard
Description
The rough marks of a point chisel can be seen on the rear side of the block behind this panel in the top right corner. These are the remains of the original roughly squared surface of the block into which these scenes were carved.

2. Measuring point

Process
Measurement
Tool
Callipers
Description
The measuring point on the lower abdomen of the emperor must have been marked out early in the carving process to serve as a reference point throughout. Why is was left is not clear but perhaps this relief was rushed into place.

3. Toolmarks

Process
Rough shaping
Tool
Tooth Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: ?
Description
Tooth chisel marks can be seen on the lower parts of the legs of this figure.

4. Toolmarks

Process
Fine shaping
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: ?
Description
Fairly rough flat chisel work can be seen on the torso and upper legs of the figure, which is clearly working over the earlier tooth chisel work.

5. Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Drill
Method
Vertical (90°)
Description
Drill holes are visible in the folds of the drapery.

6. Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Channelling Tool
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
A channelling tool was used following the drill to carve the narrow folds in the drapery.

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