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Source Image: PR315_01_05 of Cella Wall of Sardis: Temple of Artemis

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Description

Exterior of the cella wall of the Temple of Artemis at Sardis.

Monument
Sardis: Temple of Artemis 
Monument Part
Cella Wall 
Monument Type
Architecture 
Material(s)
Marble (Visual identification)  
Date
circa bc 300 - circa ad 175 
Keywords
Lifting bossAshlar Wall  
Collections
Sardis  

Location

Original Location
Sardis 

Evidence for working practices

1. - Toolmarks

Process
Roughing-out
Tool
Point
Method
Angle: Vertical (90°)
Force: Medium
Description
Patches of rough point chiselling are still visible on sections of the lower portion of the cella wall. The surfaces of the middle of the two blocks at the bottom of the wall have not been smoothed back, while the block on the right above them has only been roughed-out and the moulding on it roughly shaped.

1. - Lifting boss

Process
Placement
Description
A pair of lifting bosses are visible are visible on the two lower blocks. Ropes would have been wrapped around these during lifting.

Notes

The Temple of Artemis at Sardis was one of the largest temples in Asia Minor. Construction of it began in 300 BC but was put on hold for much of the Hellenistic period. A final phase of work was undertaken on it during the Antonine period (mid to late 2nd century AD) when it was turned into a temple honouring both Artemis and the imperial family. The rear section of the temple was never completely finished.

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