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Source Image: PR316_04_12 of Marmara Adası Quarries: Miscellaneous Architecture

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Description

Three roughed-out capitals from the Prokonnesian quarries.

Monument
Marmara Adası Quarries: Miscellaneous Architecture 
Monument Type
Architecture 
Material(s)
Prokonnesian Marble (Visual identification)  
Date
post bc 50 - pre ad 600 
Keywords
Corinthian CapitalRoughed-out Object  
Collections
Marmara Adası  

Location

Original Location
Marmara Adası 
Current Location
Saraylar 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Roughing-out
Tool
Point
Method
Angle: Steep (60-70°)
Force: Medium
Description
These capitals were roughed-out with the point chisel. This was a standard way of undertaking the initial stages of work on these complicated objects. Most capitals were exported in this form but some were carved further at the quarries.

Notes

These roughed-out elements, mainly capitals, were recovered from the quarries on Prokonnesos and are now on display in an open-air museum in Saraylar, the small harbour on the north side of the island. Most of these elements were probably abandoned because of faults in the stone or because they were surplus to requirements. Sometimes, however, faults have developed in the stone since antiquity, so that identifying exactly why these objects were never used is difficult. Whether these objects were produced in large quantities for stockpiling at the quarries or were produced to order remains debated but it is clear that the quarries contained skilled craftsmen, based there permanently or passing through, capable of preparing a range of forms for export.

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