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Source Image: PR312_03_09 of Male portrait head of Ephesos: Miscellaneous Sculpture

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Description

Detail of male portrait head in Ephesos archaeological museum.

Monument
Ephesos: Miscellaneous Sculpture 
Monument Part
Male portrait head 
Monument Type
Statuary 
Material(s)
Undefined white marble (Visual identification)  
Date
post ad 210 - pre ad 280 
Keywords
Head  
Collections
Ephesos, Site and Museum  

Location

Original Location
Ephesos 
Current Location
Ephesos Archaeological Museum 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Roughing-out
Tool
Point
Method
Angle: Steep (60-70°)
Force: Medium
Description
Point chisel marks can be seen on the back of the hair where work remaining from the first staging of shaping was not removed.

2. Toolmarks

Process
Rough shaping
Tool
Tooth Chisel
Method
Angle: Steep (60-70°)
Force: Medium
Description
A small patch of tooth chiselling can be seen on the back of the head, a stage of work which followed initial point chiselling.

3. Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
The hair and beard have been detailed with the corner of the flat chisel, a popular technique in the 3rd century AD.

4. Toolmarks

Process
Polishing
Tool
Abrasives
Description
The face on this figure is very smoothed and might have been polished with abrasives, though the ear has not been smoothed.

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