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Source Image: PR312_03_14 of Heroic Relief of Ephesos: Miscellaneous Sculpture

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Description

Detail of heroic relief from Ephesos.

Monument
Ephesos: Miscellaneous Sculpture 
Monument Part
Heroic Relief 
Monument Type
Relief 
Material(s)
Undefined white marble (Visual identification)  
Date
circa ad 100 - circa ad 300 
Keywords
Mythic Character  
Collections
Ephesos, Site and Museum  

Location

Original Location
Ephesos 
Current Location
Ephesos Archaeological Museum 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Rough shaping
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Medium
Description
Relatively rough flat chiselling can be seen on the background of this scene.

2. Toolmarks

Process
Rough shaping
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Medium
Description
The figure has been carved with the flat chisel. This is more careful work than found on the background but still rough. The face, in particular, has been only quickly shaped.

3. Toolmarks

Process
Outlining
Tool
Drill
Method
Vertical (90°)
Description
A drill hole is visible at the end of one of the outlines around this figure showing that this tool was used to achieve depth in these lines.

4. Toolmarks

Process
Outlining
Tool
Channelling Tool
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
Following drilling the channelling tool was used to carve the lines around this figure.

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