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Source Image: PR500_06_13 of Orvieto Cathedral

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Description

Drawn record of the toolmarks which survive on a section of Panel 3. The detail shows the scenes of Jesus entering Jerusalem on a donkey and of the baptism.

Monument
Orvieto Cathedral 
Monument Type
Architecture 
Material(s)
Undefined white marble (Visual identification)  
Date
ad 1290 - ad 1591 
Keywords
JesusJohn the BaptistWaterDonkeyFoliage  
Collections
Orvieto  

Location

Original Location
Orvieto 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Roughing-out
Tool
Point
Method
Angle: Steep (60-70°)
Force: Medium
Description
The point is used for roughing-out back to a surface ready for flattening or shaping (shaded green).

2. - Toolmarks

Process
Rough shaping
Tool
Sculptor's Pick
Method
Angle: Vertical (90°)
Force: Gentle
Description
The sculptor's pick is used to shape the bodies of the figures (shaded grey).

2. - Toolmarks

Process
Rough shaping
Tool
Tooth Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Medium
Description
The tooth chisel is used to shape sections of drapery (shaded red).

2. - Toolmarks

Process
Flattening
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
The flat chisel is used to flatten the background (striped blue).

3. Block joint

Process
Placement
Description
Jesus' head crosses in front of the block further up. The area behind the head has been carved back so that it fits with the block above. This suggests that the carving was done on a block that was larger than they were able to use when they were fitting it together.

4. Toolmarks

Process
Polishing
Tool
Abrasives
Description
Abrasives are used on the surface of some of the bodies (areas left white).

Notes

There are different levels of finish across this section. The least finished section is in the top right where the point chisel is still visible.

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