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Source Image: PR500_05_20 of Orvieto Cathedral

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Description

Drawn record of the toolmarks which survive on the relief carving of Panel 1.

Monument
Orvieto Cathedral 
Monument Type
Architecture 
Material(s)
Undefined white marble (Visual identification)  
Date
ad 1290 - ad 1591 
Collections
Orvieto  

Location

Original Location
Orvieto 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Rough shaping
Tool
Sculptor's Pick
Method
Angle: Vertical (90°)
Force: Gentle
Description
Those areas shaded blue were worked with the sculptor's pick.

2. Toolmarks

Process
Rough shaping
Tool
Tooth Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Medium
Description
The areas shaded red are worked the tooth chisel.

3. Toolmarks

Process
Smoothing
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
The areas shaded in yellow were smoothed with the flat chisel.

4. Toolmarks

Process
Smoothing
Tool
Abrasives
Description
The white areas of this diagram were smoothed with abrasives.

Notes

The key to the colour drawing is as follows: White is areas finished with an abrasive, Blue is the sculptor's pick, Yellow is the flat chisel, Red is the tooth chisel.

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