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Source Image: PR223_05_06 of Clipeus Sarcophagus (1) of Ostia: Miscellaneous Sarcophagi

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Description

Detail of the left end of the front of a sarcophagus from the Castello at Ostia.

Monument
Ostia: Miscellaneous Sarcophagi 
Monument Part
Clipeus Sarcophagus (1) 
Monument Type
Sarcophagus 
Material(s)
Marble (Visual identification)  
Date
ad 200 - ad 350 
Keywords
PuttoRelief Sarcophagus  
Collections
Ostia Antica  

Location

Original Location
Ostia 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Roughing-out
Tool
Point
Method
Angle: Vertical (90°)
Force: Medium
Description
The relief decoration of the front side of this chest has been roughed-out with the point chisel. The marks of this stage of work are still visible on the background, which the carver never got around to carving.

3. Toolmarks

Process
Rough shaping
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Steep (60-70°)
Force: Medium
Description
The front of the figure has been carved with the flat chisel relatively roughly.

4. Toolmarks

Process
Fine shaping
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
The column and decorative finial on the right have been carved more finely than the rest of the relief with the flat chisel. The fact that this fine detail is visible alongside rougher point chiselling shows that the carver was working from the front of the chest inwards carving different details as they went.

5. Toolmarks

Process
Flattening
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Medium
Description
The upper border of the chest is flattened with the flat chisel.

Notes

The relief on this sarcophagus is unfinished suggesting that it was rushed into use or perhaps abandoned because the customer no longer needed it.

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