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Source Image: PR223_05_07 of Clipeus Sarcophagus (1) of Ostia: Miscellaneous Sarcophagi

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Description

Detail of the left end of the front of a sarcophagus from the Castello at Ostia.

Monument
Ostia: Miscellaneous Sarcophagi 
Monument Part
Clipeus Sarcophagus (1) 
Monument Type
Sarcophagus 
Material(s)
Marble (Visual identification)  
Date
ad 200 - ad 350 
Keywords
Relief Sarcophagus  
Collections
Ostia Antica  

Location

Original Location
Ostia 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Roughing-out
Tool
Point
Method
Angle: Vertical (90°)
Force: Medium
Description
The relief decoration of the front side of the chest has been roughed-out with the point chisel. The marks of this stage of work are still visible on the background, which the carver never got around to carving.

2. Toolmarks

Process
Rough shaping
Tool
Point
Method
Angle: Vertical (90°)
Force: Medium
Description
Rough point chiselling can be seen in the depths of the folds of the drapery on the right.

3. Toolmarks

Process
Rough shaping
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Steep (60-70°)
Force: Medium
Description
Rough shaping with the flat chisel (or perhaps a slightly round-headed chisel on the right) can be seen on the leg of the putto and the drapery on the right.

4. Toolmarks

Process
Fine shaping
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
The column at the centre of this scene is carved more finely than the rest of the relief. The fact that areas around this are only point chiselled shows that the carver was working into the chest from the front to the back, adding details as they went.

5. Toolmarks

Process
Flattening
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Medium
Description
The lower border has been flattened with the flat chisel. When this stage of work was completed is not clear.

Notes

The relief on this sarcophagus is unfinished suggesting that it was rushed into use or perhaps abandoned because the customer no longer needed it.

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