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Source Image: PR223_03_13 of Vulcan relief of Ostia Museum: Reliefs

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Description

Detail of relief showing Vulcan/Hephaistos being thrown out of Olympos in Ostia Museum.

Monument
Ostia Museum: Reliefs 
Monument Part
Vulcan relief 
Monument Type
Relief 
Material(s)
 
Date
post ad 1 - pre ad 250 
Keywords
Zeus/JupiterAthena/MinervaHephaistos/Vulcan  
Collections
Ostia Antica  

Location

Original Location
Ostia 
Current Location
Ostia Museum 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Smoothing
Tool
Rasp
Description
The background has been smoothed with the rasp all over.

2. Toolmarks

Process
Fine shaping
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
Around the outstretched arm of Zeus/Jupiter the carver has carved back into the already smoothed background to give this detail more definition.

3. Toolmarks

Process
Outlining
Tool
Channelling Tool
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
Deep outlines are visible around all of the figures and in the drapery of Zeus/Jupiter.

4. Pin socket

Process
Restoration
Description
Pin sockets are visible where the relief has been repaired, and then these repairs removed.

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