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Source Image: PR223_03_10 of Vulcan relief of Ostia Museum: Reliefs

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Description

Detail of relief showing Vulcan/Hephaistos being thrown out of Olympos in Ostia Museum.

Monument
Ostia Museum: Reliefs 
Monument Part
Vulcan relief 
Monument Type
Relief 
Material(s)
 
Date
post ad 1 - pre ad 250 
Collections
Ostia Antica  

Location

Original Location
Ostia 
Current Location
Ostia Museum 

Evidence for working practices

1. - Toolmarks

Process
Smoothing
Tool
Rasp
Description
The background has been smoothed with the rasp.

1. - Toolmarks

Process
Fine shaping
Tool
Roundel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
The trunk of the tree is carved with a roundel to give it a gnarly texture.

2. Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
Various details, such as the flat leaves or the horsehair plume of Athena/Minerva's helmet, have been carved with the flat chisel into the already smoothed background.

3. - Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Drill
Method
Vertical (90°)
Description
Drill holes are visible all around the leaves of the tree.

3. - Toolmarks

Process
Outlining
Tool
Channelling Tool
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
The leaves and figures are outlined with the channelling tool to separate them from the smooth background.

4. Pin socket

Process
Restoration
Description
Pin sockets are visible where repairs, since removed, have been made to the relief.

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