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Source Image: PR223_03_12 of Vulcan relief of Ostia Museum: Reliefs

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Description

Detail of relief showing Vulcan/Hephaistos being thrown out of Olympos in Ostia Museum.

Monument
Ostia Museum: Reliefs 
Monument Part
Vulcan relief 
Monument Type
Relief 
Material(s)
 
Date
post ad 1 - pre ad 250 
Keywords
Tree  
Collections
Ostia Antica  

Location

Original Location
Ostia 
Current Location
Ostia Museum 

Evidence for working practices

1. - Toolmarks

Process
Smoothing
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
Around the edge of the figure a line of flat chiselling can be seen where the carver smoothed the background before working over it with the rasp.

1. - Toolmarks

Process
Fine shaping
Tool
Roundel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
The bark on the trunk of the tree has been worked with the roundel to give it texture.

2. Toolmarks

Process
Smoothing
Tool
Rasp
Description
Rasp marks are visible across most of the background.

3. Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
Various details, such as the hanging leaves, have been incised with the flat chisel into the already smoothed background.

4. Toolmarks

Process
Outlining
Tool
Drill
Method
Running Drill
Description
Drill use is visible all around the tree and its leaves. In this case the drill seem to have been being used at an angle to create long furrows, the so-called 'running drill' technique.

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