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Source Image: PR225_01_11 of Panel C of Arch of Trajan

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Description

Close-up of the upper scene on the east face of the northern pier.

Monument
Arch of Trajan 
Monument Part
Panel C 
Monument Type
Architecture 
Material(s)
Undefined white marble (Visual identification)  
Date
circa ad 114 - circa ad 117 
Keywords
ClothingDeity  
Collections
Arch of Trajan, Benevento  

Location

Original Location
Benevento 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Drill
Method
Vertical (90°)
Description
The drill was used extensively in the leaves and fruit emerging from the cornucopia.

2. Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Channelling Tool
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
A channelling tool was used following work with the drill to give the scene depth.

Notes

There seems to be no sign of either polishing or painting on this monument. Other monuments in Rome have a thin layer of coating on their surfaces - scialbatura - which some have argued is a deliberate coating added by the Romans or later while others have suggested it is a natural biproduct of stone degradation. Where this coating is found toolmarks are much better preserved, so whatever its origin this coating is certainly protective. There are no signs of scialbatura on the Arch of Trajan in anything like the quantities it is found on the Column of Trajan though.

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