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Source Image: PR225_04_03 of North Pier of Arch of Trajan

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Description

Detail of Composite capital at the top of the western face of the northern pier.

Monument
Arch of Trajan 
Monument Part
North Pier 
Monument Type
Architecture 
Material(s)
Undefined white marble (Visual identification)  
Date
circa ad 114 - circa ad 117 
Keywords
RestorationFoliageComposite Capital  
Collections
Arch of Trajan, Benevento  

Location

Original Location
Benevento 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
The flat chisel is used to give shape to the leaves.

2. Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Drill
Method
Vertical (90°)
Description
The drill is employed here to give depth to channels between the leaves.

3. Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Channelling Tool
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
The channelling tool is used to clear out the deep channels between the leaves following initial work with the drill.

4. Insert socket

Process
Restoration
Description
The central piece of foliage here has been inserted, perhaps as part of an ancient restoration campaign.

Notes

This small section which seems to have been inserted later might result from a mistake made during roughing-out, such as over-carving.

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