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Source Image: PR225_04_05 of Panel C of Arch of Trajan

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Description

Close-up of figure on the upper relief on the western face of the north pier.

Monument
Arch of Trajan 
Monument Part
Panel C 
Monument Type
Architecture 
Material(s)
Undefined white marble (Visual identification)  
Date
circa ad 114 - circa ad 117 
Keywords
HeadBlock Division  
Collections
Arch of Trajan, Benevento  

Location

Original Location
Benevento 

Evidence for working practices

1. Block joint

Process
Placement
Description
The fact that the block joint on the left passes straight through the figure and the carving passes uninterrupted across it indicates that the carving was done in place.

2. Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Drill
Method
Vertical (90°)
Description
The drill is employed here in the beard of the man.

3. Toolmarks

Process
Smoothing
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
The background seems to be smoothed using a flat chisel or perhaps a scraper.

4. Toolmarks

Process
Smoothing
Tool
Rasp
Description
The face of the lefthand figure seems to have been smoothed, probably with the rasp.

Notes

The drill holes visible in the man's beard are used to give depth every so often to the curls. In this period, drill holes are not normally left so visible but this becomes much more common later when they seem to be appreciated almost as ornament in their own right.

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