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Source Image: PR201_01_04 of Exterior Relief of Ara Pacis Augustae

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Description

Detail of Augustus on the South Side of the Ara Pacis Augustae.

Monument
Ara Pacis Augustae 
Monument Part
Exterior Relief 
Monument Type
Architecture 
Material(s)
Luna Marble (Archaeometric identification)  
Date
bc 13 - bc
Keywords
FigureAugustusBlock Division  
Collections
Ara Pacis, Rome  

Location

Original Location
Rome 

Evidence for working practices

1. Block joint

Process
Placement
Description
The block division running down through the figure of Augustus is evident in this image. Augustus is arguably the single most important figure on this monument and it is inconceivable that the relief would have been arranged so that he straddled two blocks if carving took place before the blocks were put in place. This is just one other indication, then, that all carving was carried out on scaffolding once the structure had been put up.

2. Toolmarks

Process
Smoothing
Tool
Rasp
Description
Across most of the surface of the Ara Pacis the rasp is used to smooth the surface of the clothing of the figures.

Notes

In terms of toolmarks, the rasp is used across most of the surface of the stone for smoothing. No attempt was made to polish the surface which is the case with the majority of Roman monuments. There is also no trace of paint on this monument.

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