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Source Image: PR210_03_23 of Panel B of Arch of Constantine

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Description

Drawing showing the different toolmarks found on the panel depicting the departure of the emperor (profectio) from Rome.

Monument
Arch of Constantine 
Monument Part
Panel B 
Monument Type
Relief 
Material(s)
Marble (Visual identification)  
Date
circa ad 176 - circa ad 180 
Keywords
Roman OfficialEmperorBuildingProfectio  
Collections
Arch of Constantine, Rome  

Location

Original Location
Rome 

Evidence for working practices

1. - Toolmarks

Process
Smoothing
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
The background is smoothed with the flat chisel (shaded red)

1. - Toolmarks

Process
Fine shaping
Tool
Roundel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
The roundel (dark green) is used on elements of the clothing and the central flag, as well as the border of the scene to the left for texture.

2. Toolmarks

Process
Smoothing
Tool
Rasp
Description
Rasp marks (shaded yellow) are visible on the flag and elements of the clothing of the figures. The rasp was also used on the the building in combination with the flat chisel (dark blue) and roundel (light blue).

3. Toolmarks

Process
Smoothing
Tool
Abrasives
Description
The marks of abrasives (shaded light green) are visible on elements of the building in the background.

Notes

Few toolmarks are visible on these figures on these Antonine panels partly because they project further than the relief and so are more weathered.

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