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Source Image: PR202_02_15 of Corinthian Capital (Standing) of Temple of Vespasian

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Description

Detail of the top of a Corinthian capital.

Monument
Temple of Vespasian 
Monument Part
Corinthian Capital (Standing) 
Monument Type
Architecture 
Material(s)
Luna Marble (Archaeometric identification)  
Date
ad 79 - circa ad 87 
Keywords
Corinthian CapitalEntablature  
Collections
Temple of Vespasian, Rome  

Location

Original Location
Rome 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Flattening
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Medium
Description
Flat chisel marks are visible on the underside of the entablature block.

Notes

As this detail shows, the top surface of the capitals on the Temple of Vespasian - as well as on most others structures - have a raised platform at their centre (on the right here) which supports the weight of the entablature. This means that no weight is put on the delicately carved edges of the capital (on the left here) which might cause them to break. Interestingly, on this capital an extra panel was added to the central platform on top to raise it a couple of centimeters; this kind of alteration is very common on Roman monuments comprising numerous different elements which would all have varied slightly in their dimensions. Unfortunately damage to the capital visible at the centre of this image means that few toolmarks are visible.

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