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Source Image: PR202_03_06 of Entablature (Museum) of Temple of Vespasian

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Description

Detail of entablature now in the Capitoline Museums.

Monument
Temple of Vespasian 
Monument Part
Entablature (Museum) 
Monument Type
Architecture 
Material(s)
Luna Marble (Archaeometric identification)  
Date
ad 79 - circa ad 87 
Keywords
GuidelineEntablature  
Collections
Temple of Vespasian, Rome  

Location

Original Location
Rome 
Current Location
Capitoline Museums 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Roughing-out
Tool
Point
Method
Angle: Vertical (90°)
Force: Medium
Description
The rough marks of the point chisel can be seen across the roughed-out surface of the architrave.

2. Toolmarks

Process
Roughing-out
Tool
Point
Method
Angle: Vertical (90°)
Force: Gentle
Description
More delicate work with the point chisel can be seen on the roughed-out section of the architrave in the bottom right corner of this image.

3. Toolmarks

Process
Fine shaping
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Medium
Description
The flat chisel is used to shape the moulding strips between the roughed-out fasciae.

4. Toolmarks

Process
Smoothing
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
Flat chisel marks are visible on the smooth surface within the guideline strip.

Notes

Two levels of work with the point chisel are visible in this detail: relatively rough work at the top and to the left and quite smooth point chiselling in the bottom right corner. The carvers was evidently working more delicately as they moved into the stone.

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