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Source Image: PR205_1_02_13 of Column of Trajan

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Description

Detail of standard and soldier.

Monument
Column of Trajan 
Monument Type
Architecture 
Material(s)
Luna Marble (Archaeometric identification)  
Date
circa ad 113 
Keywords
BodyRoman SoldierSpiral BorderMilitary Standard  
Collections
Column of Trajan, Rome  

Location

Current Location
Rome 

Evidence for working practices

1. - Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Drill
Method
Angle: Vertical (90°)
Force: Gentle
Description
The drill was used to detail areas of the standard.

1. - Toolmarks

Process
Outlining
Tool
Channelling Tool
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
A channelling tool was used to distinguish the legs of the soldier from the background.

Notes

This is one of the points on the Column where an element of the frieze crosses right across the border between spirals. A slight area of rough stone can be seen around the top of the standard which indicates that when it was carved the details of the spiral above had not yet been carved. This shows again that work on the frieze progressed from bottom to top. The location of the border between spirals was not decided by the individual carving the standard, then, but by the carver of the figure above, who decided to push the border down, presumably to allow more space for the scene above, and positioned the soldier in this image so that he would fit above this standard. This is another example of the flexibility of the frieze which seems not to have been planned out in all of its details before to work on the carving began.

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