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Source Image: PR205_1_14_20 of Column of Trajan

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Description

Detail of a stream running through woods.

Monument
Column of Trajan 
Monument Type
Architecture 
Material(s)
Luna Marble (Archaeometric identification)  
Date
circa ad 113 
Keywords
LandscapeTree  
Collections
Column of Trajan, Rome  

Location

Current Location
Rome 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
The corner of a flat chisel is used to cut the V-shaped incisions that mark the ripples of the stream.

2. Toolmarks

Process
Fine shaping
Tool
Roundel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
A slightly round-ended chisel seems to have been used on the tree trunk of the left to give it texture.

3. Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Drill
Method
Vertical (90°)
Description
The drill is used to undercut the leaves of the trees and give them depth.

4. Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Channelling Tool
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
A channelling tool is used in conjunction with the drill to achieve depth around the leaves.

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