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Source Image: PR210_03_06 of Continuous Relief of Arch of Constantine

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Description

Detail of Roman cavalry in the Battle of the Milvian Bridge scene.

Monument
Arch of Constantine 
Monument Part
Continuous Relief 
Monument Type
Architecture 
Material(s)
Marble (Visual identification)  
Date
ad 315 
Keywords
Roman SoldierWaterBlock DivisionBattleHorse  
Collections
Arch of Constantine, Rome  

Location

Original Location
Rome 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Squaring
Tool
Point
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Hard
Description
The rough marks of the point chisel can be seen on the surface at the top of this image; this would have been faced in coloured marble originally.

2. Block joint

Process
Placement
Description
The Constantinian frieze is carved from much smaller blocks than the earlier reliefs used on the monument. In this image a major block division runs horizontally right across the middle of the scene. The figures line up well across this line suggesting that all of this detail was carved in place.

3. Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
The corner of the flat chisel was used to detail the waves.

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