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Source Image: PR201_01_20 of Exterior Relief of Ara Pacis Augustae

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Description

Close-up of Agrippa.

Monument
Ara Pacis Augustae 
Monument Part
Exterior Relief 
Monument Type
Architecture 
Material(s)
Luna Marble (Archaeometric identification)  
Date
bc 13 - bc
Keywords
HeadAgrippaRestoration  
Collections
Ara Pacis, Rome  

Location

Original Location
Rome 

Evidence for working practices

1. - Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
The corner of the flat chisel is used to add detail to the face like lines in the forehead or a the corners of the mouth.

1. - Toolmarks

Process
Smoothing
Tool
Rasp
Description
The rasp is used to finish the surface of the face.

2. Insert socket

Process
Restoration
Description
The nose of the emperor was restored sometime in the history of the monument. In order to make a more seamless fit the broken edges of the nose were flattened to make a socket.

3. Toolmarks

Process
Restoration
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Vertical (90°)
Force: Gentle
Description
The incised irises and pupils in this figure's eyes were probably added later. These alterations are usually dated to the Hadrianic period, sometimes to Late Antiquity.

Notes

The break of the nose here shows that it was tidied up and had a replacement pinned on to it at some point. In the background of this image the naturally-occurring veins in the marble can be seen, something which is characteristic of Luna/Carrara statuary-grade marble.

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