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Source Image: PR205_1_12_02 of Column of Trajan

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Description

Portrait of Trajan.

Monument
Column of Trajan 
Monument Type
Architecture 
Material(s)
Luna Marble (Archaeometric identification)  
Date
circa ad 113 
Keywords
HeadClothingTrajan  
Collections
Column of Trajan, Rome  

Location

Current Location
Rome 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Smoothing
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
The flat chisel is used to smooth the background.

2. Toolmarks

Process
Smoothing
Tool
Rasp
Description
The emperor's armour was mainly smoothed using the rasp.

3. Toolmarks

Process
Smoothing
Tool
Scraper
Description
Sections of the emperor's clothing were worked with a rougher scraper as well.

Notes

The portrait features of the emperor are extremely damaged here but rasp marks are visible on his clothing. Though the rasp if often used on clothing and sometimes also on faces, there is no set system - sometimes carvers use the rasp for smoothing, sometimes simply the flat chisel; they are working largely in their own way using whatever tool they feel best suits the situation.

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