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Source Image: PR205_1_14_18 of Column of Trajan

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Description

A wild boar.

Monument
Column of Trajan 
Monument Type
Architecture 
Material(s)
Luna Marble (Archaeometric identification)  
Date
circa ad 113 
Keywords
LandscapeTreeWild Boar  
Collections
Column of Trajan, Rome  

Location

Current Location
Rome 

Evidence for working practices

1. - Toolmarks

Process
Fine shaping
Tool
Roundel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
A wider flat chisel was used on the leaves.

1. - Toolmarks

Process
Fine shaping
Tool
Roundel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
The texture on the trunk of the tree is applied using a roundel.

2. - Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
A narrow flat chisel was used on the skin of the boar to achieve a hairy texture.

2. - Toolmarks

Process
Outlining
Tool
Channelling Tool
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
A channelling tool was used to outline this boar around its back.

2. - Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Drill
Method
Vertical (90°)
Description
To get in behind the leaves and add depth around them the drill must have been used.

3. - Toolmarks

Process
Smoothing
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
The flat chisel is used to smooth the background.

3. - Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Channelling Tool
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
A channelling tool was used to open up the drill holes around the leaves to achieve depth.

Notes

The toolmarks of a number of different sizes of flat chisel are visible in this image, showing how each carver must have carried with a variety of types of this one tool.

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