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Source Image: PR202_03_14 of Entablature (Museum) of Temple of Vespasian

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Description

Detail of the entablature now in the Capitoline Museums.

Monument
Temple of Vespasian 
Monument Part
Entablature (Museum) 
Monument Type
Architecture 
Material(s)
Luna Marble (Archaeometric identification)  
Date
ad 79 - circa ad 87 
Keywords
GuidelineMouldingEntablature  
Collections
Temple of Vespasian, Rome  

Location

Original Location
Rome 
Current Location
Capitoline Museums 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Roughing-out
Tool
Point
Method
Angle: Vertical (90°)
Force: Medium
Description
The pock marks of the point chisel can be seen on the roughed-out section of the architrave at its left end.

2. - Toolmarks

Process
Flattening
Tool
Tooth Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Medium
Description
The surface of the finished fasciae of the architrave is roughly flattened with the tooth chisel.

2. - Guideline

Process
Laying-out
Description
The narrow strip of finish carving is a guide for further work on the block.

3. Toolmarks

Process
Flattening
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
The finished tooth-chiselled surfaces of the fasciae are edged with a carefully smoothed flat-chiselled border.

Notes

The various depths of the different elements of the architrave can be clearly seen here. The roughed-out section sits 4 cm above the finished surface and the guideline strip about 2 cm above and 2 cm down. The finish on the smooth sections of the architrave fasciae can also be seen here. These surfaces were finished with a very smooth border of flat chiselling around their edges framing a surface which is much more roughly flattened with the tooth chisel. This is a relatively common finish on flat architectural surfaces where the edges needed to be smooth and straight but the interior of the block just had to be flat.

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