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Source Image: PR202_02_24 of Entablature (Museum) of Temple of Vespasian

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Description

Detail of entablature now in the Capitoline Museums.

Monument
Temple of Vespasian 
Monument Part
Entablature (Museum) 
Monument Type
Architecture 
Material(s)
Luna Marble (Archaeometric identification)  
Date
ad 79 - circa ad 87 
Keywords
GuidelineFoliageMouldingEntablature  
Collections
Temple of Vespasian, Rome  

Location

Original Location
Rome 
Current Location
Capitoline Museums 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Squaring
Tool
Saw
Description
The marks of the saw are visible on the flat surface at the top of the roughed-out section. This suggest that the block arrived at the building site sawn on at least this face.

2. Toolmarks

Process
Squaring
Tool
Point
Description
The parallel lines of rough point chiselling are visible next to the sawn surface and show that the area occupied by the frieze was roughed-out in this way.

3. Toolmarks

Process
Roughing-out
Tool
Point
Description
The bottom portion of the roughed-out section has been worked with the point chisel to define the basic shape of the architrave

4. Guideline

Process
Laying-out
Description
The narrow strip of finish carving is effectively a guide for further work on the block.

Notes

The three distinct working phases preserved on this section of entablature are evident in this image: roughing-out, shaping, and decorative finishing. As this slide shows, the roughed-out section, on which the guideline is preserved, occupies a very limited area at the left end of the entablature where it would have been hidden from view once it was inserted into the building.

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