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Source Image: PR205_1_01_02 of Plate XXXIII / Scene XLII of Column of Trajan

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Description

Detail of Trajan.

Monument
Column of Trajan 
Monument Part
Plate XXXIII / Scene XLII 
Monument Type
Relief 
Material(s)
Luna Marble (Archaeometric identification)  
Date
circa ad 113 
Keywords
HeadTrajan  
Collections
Column of Trajan, Rome  

Location

Current Location
Rome 

Evidence for working practices

1. - Toolmarks

Process
Smoothing
Tool
Rasp
Description
Marks of the rasp can be seen on the skin of Trajan's face and neck.

1. - Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Channelling Tool
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
A channelling tool is used in the grooves of the emperor's clothing.

1. - Toolmarks

Process
Outlining
Tool
Channelling Tool
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
The channelling tool is also used to enhance the separation between the background and the figure of the emperor.

1. - Toolmarks

Process
Smoothing
Tool
Scraper
Description
Marks of the scraper can be seen on one section of the background.

Notes

The right side of this side shows how damaged the surface of the Column of Trajan is in places. Toolmarks are impossible to identify in such places. Along the frieze there is reasonable variation in the handling of the portraits of Trajan. While all are identifiable as the emperor in this example he has a squarer head and shorter hair than in some of his other portraits on the Column.

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