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Source Image: PR208_01_04 of Frieze of Column of Marcus Aurelius

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Description

Detail of soldiers marching with a baggage train.

Monument
Column of Marcus Aurelius 
Monument Part
Frieze 
Monument Type
Architecture 
Material(s)
Luna Marble (Archaeometric identification)  
Date
ad 180 - ad 192 
Keywords
Roman SoldierMuleWaggon  
Collections
Column of Marcus Aurelius, Rome  

Location

Original Location
Rome 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Drill
Method
Vertical (90°)
Description
The drill must have been used to cut out the deep hollow behind the wheels of the waggon.

2. Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Channelling Tool
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
A very narrow flat chisel or channelling tool was probably used following the drill to carve in behind the wheels of the waggon.

Notes

The stone supports which connect the spears held by the soldiers in the foreground with the background show how fragile the carvers considered these details to be. Metal inserts of the kind used on the Column of Trajan were evidently not considered an option on the Column of Marcus Aurelius. Although the figures themselves are represented quite flatly here a lot of work was put into carving in behind them, and behind the wheels of the waggon, to provide shadow that might have made the scene more readable.

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