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Source Image: PR205_1_15_06 of Column of Trajan

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Description

The heads of two Dacian prisoners and a tree.

Monument
Column of Trajan 
Monument Type
Architecture 
Material(s)
Luna Marble (Archaeometric identification)  
Date
circa ad 113 
Keywords
DacianHeadTree  
Collections
Column of Trajan, Rome  

Location

Current Location
Rome 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Fine shaping
Tool
Roundel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
Very obvious marks of a slightly round-headed chisel can be noted running along the leaves.

2. - Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Drill
Method
Vertical (90°)
Description
The drill is used to give depth around the leaves.

2. - Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
The corner of a flat chisel is used to detail the veins on the tree trunk.

3. - Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Channelling Tool
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
A channelling tool is used in conjunction with the drill to achieve depth.

3. - Toolmarks

Process
Outlining
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
The marks of a flat chisel used to outline the lefthand Dacian can be seen above his head.

Notes

On this tree, as on most of the other trees, the texture was achieved by carving along the form using either a round-headed or flat chisel. Rarely was the form defined by carving across it as was the preferred technique in the Renaissance and later.

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