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Source Image: PR210_01_16 of Tondo B of Arch of Constantine

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Description

Detail of tree.

Monument
Arch of Constantine 
Monument Part
Tondo B 
Monument Type
Relief 
Material(s)
Marble (Visual identification)  
Date
circa ad 117 - circa ad 138 
Keywords
Tree  
Collections
Arch of Constantine, Rome  

Location

Original Location
Rome 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Fine shaping
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
The flat chisel is used to detail the surfaces of the leaves.

2. Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Drill
Method
Vertical (90°)
Description
Rows of drill holes can be seen around the leaves in this detail. The way in which the drill is used here to create a series of holes which are not then connected using a channelling tool or some other narrow chisel is typical of how the drill is used in the later Roman period.

3. Toolmarks

Process
Smoothing
Tool
Rasp
Description
The rasp has been used to smooth the background.

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