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Source Image: PR208_01_03 of Frieze of Column of Marcus Aurelius

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Description

Detail of oxen.

Monument
Column of Marcus Aurelius 
Monument Part
Frieze 
Monument Type
Architecture 
Material(s)
Luna Marble (Archaeometric identification)  
Date
ad 180 - ad 192 
Keywords
Roman SoldierOx  
Collections
Column of Marcus Aurelius, Rome  

Location

Original Location
Rome 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Drill
Method
Vertical (90°)
Description
The holes made by the drill can be seen in several places in this image where they were used to define features of the animals' anatomy.

2. Toolmarks

Process
Outlining
Tool
Channelling Tool
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
A channelling tool was used to outline these figures, probably in conjunction with a flat chisel.

Notes

The careful outlining of figures - in this case oxen - is a key feature of carving on the Column of Marcus Aurelius, apparently done to make them more visible; though, whether they ever really were visible is a matter of discussion.

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