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Source Image: PR208_02_02 of Frieze of Column of Marcus Aurelius

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Description

Detail of a decapitated barbarian.

Monument
Column of Marcus Aurelius 
Monument Part
Frieze 
Monument Type
Architecture 
Material(s)
Luna Marble (Archaeometric identification)  
Date
ad 180 - ad 192 
Keywords
BarbarianHeadSpiral Border  
Collections
Column of Marcus Aurelius, Rome  

Location

Original Location
Rome 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Fine shaping
Tool
Roundel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
The marks of a narrow round-headed chisel can be seen in the beard of this head, as well as in the rusticated border.

2. - Toolmarks

Process
Outlining
Tool
Channelling Tool
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
A channelling tool was used to outline the body of the figure to the left and distinguish it from the border.

2. - Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Drill
Method
Vertical (90°)
Description
Marks of the drill can be seen in the mouth and nostrils of the head, as well as sections of the beard.

Notes

The beard on this decapitated head is clearly carved into the border here, again showing that this border was laud out before carving on the figurative details had begun.

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