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Source Image: PR205_04_16 of Column of Trajan

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Description

Roman and Dacian soldiers fighting.

Monument
Column of Trajan 
Monument Type
Architecture 
Material(s)
Luna Marble (Archaeometric identification)  
Date
circa ad 113 
Keywords
FigureDacianRoman SoldierWindowBattle  
Collections
Column of Trajan, Rome  

Location

Current Location
Rome 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Fine shaping
Tool
Drill
Method
Angle: Vertical (90°)
Force: Gentle
Description
There is clear use of the drill both to start finer detailing on figures and different elements.

2. Toolmarks

Process
Outlining
Tool
Channelling Tool
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
The channelling tool is used to separate the figures from the background.

3. Toolmarks

Process
Insertion
Description
Unlike the figures to the right which are missing carved weapons or the drill hole for the insertion of a metal one, the figure at the bottom left does have a whole for the insertion of a metal weapon.

Notes

The soldier on the lower left has a drill hole for the insertion of a metal weapon, whereas the soldiers to the right of that figure were likely intended to have a metal weapon inserted but the holes were never drilled. The composition of the figures around the window suggests that the frame and the figures were carved at the same time.

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