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Source Image: PR202_03_05 of Entablature (Museum) of Temple of Vespasian

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Description

Detail of the entablature now in the Capitoline Museums.

Monument
Temple of Vespasian 
Monument Part
Entablature (Museum) 
Monument Type
Architecture 
Material(s)
Luna Marble (Archaeometric identification)  
Date
ad 79 - circa ad 87 
Keywords
GuidelineMouldingEntablature  
Collections
Temple of Vespasian, Rome  

Location

Original Location
Rome 
Current Location
Capitoline Museums 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Roughing-out
Tool
Point
Method
Angle: Vertical (90°)
Force: Medium
Description
The point chisel was used to rough out the basic profile of the architrave.

2. - Toolmarks

Process
Smoothing
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
The flat chisel is used to smooth the surfaces within the guideline strip. Note how this is done to two different levels.

2. - Toolmarks

Process
Fine shaping
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
The flat chisel was used to shape the lines of moulding running between fasciae on the roughed-out section of the architrave.

2. - Guideline

Process
Laying-out
Description
The narrow strip of finish carving is effectively a guide for further work on the block.

3. Toolmarks

Process
Smoothing
Tool
Tooth Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
The marks of the tooth chisel are also visible on the surface of the second fascia on the finished section of architrave.

Notes

In this detail the way in which the same tool was handled differently for different purposes can be seen. Three distinct areas of point chiselling can be identified based on the depth and number of chisel marks visible. The upper fascia is quite roughly worked, the middle one more finely, while the lower fascia - especially on the right - is even more carefully roughed-out. Evidently a finer finish was required in each case. The flat chisel too was used roughly to define the lines of moulding between the fasciae, as well as more finely to smooth the surfaces of the guideline strip.

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