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Source Image: PR210_01_15 of Tondo B of Arch of Constantine

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Description

Detail of tree.

Monument
Arch of Constantine 
Monument Part
Tondo B 
Monument Type
Relief 
Material(s)
Marble (Visual identification)  
Date
circa ad 117 - circa ad 138 
Keywords
Tree  
Collections
Arch of Constantine, Rome  

Location

Original Location
Rome 

Evidence for working practices

1. - Toolmarks

Process
Fine shaping
Tool
Roundel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
The roundel is used on the boughs of the tree, working along their forms in long lines, to give a sense of their texture.

1. - Toolmarks

Process
Smoothing
Tool
Rasp
Description
The rasp is used to smooth the background.

2. Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Drill
Method
Vertical (90°)
Description
Marks of the drill can be seen in the knots of the tree; in some places these are left as distinct holes.

3. Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Channelling Tool
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
In some places on the tree a narrow channelling tool is used to carve between the drill holes to create deep channels.

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