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Source Image: PR208_01_17 of Frieze of Column of Marcus Aurelius

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Description

Detail of a trophy.

Monument
Column of Marcus Aurelius 
Monument Part
Frieze 
Monument Type
Architecture 
Material(s)
Luna Marble (Archaeometric identification)  
Date
ad 180 - ad 192 
Keywords
Spiral BorderTrophy  
Collections
Column of Marcus Aurelius, Rome  

Location

Original Location
Rome 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Flattening
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Medium
Description
Flat chisel marks can be seen on the background next to the helmet on the trophy.

2. Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Drill
Method
Vertical (90°)
Description
Several drill holes can be seen in the weapons and on the helmet of the trophy where they are used to emphasise particular details of the forms.

Notes

In general the carvers avoided carving across the border between spirals. In this detail the various elements of the trophy all stop just beneath it, even though some of them have to be crammed in (such as the finial on the helmet). The regularity of the border between spirals also shows that it was planned out before carving on the frieze began, unlike on the Column of Trajan where it seems to have been carved as work on the frieze progressed.

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