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Source Image: PR210_03_13 of Continuous Relief of Arch of Constantine

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Description

Detail of the Battle of the Milvian Bridge scene.

Monument
Arch of Constantine 
Monument Part
Continuous Relief 
Monument Type
Architecture 
Material(s)
Marble (Visual identification)  
Date
ad 315 
Keywords
Roman SoldierLandscapeBlock DivisionBattleHorse  
Collections
Arch of Constantine, Rome  

Location

Original Location
Rome 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
The waves and the details of the armour were worked with the flat chisel.

2. Block joint

Process
Placement
Description
The way in which some details of the design cross the join between blocks with certain difficulty can be seen here. The waves in the middle of the scene do not line up on the two sides and there is some gap between the two sides of the horse's head beneath. On the other hand, the reins held by the soldier at the bottom are carved across this line without problem. This all seems to suggest that the joints between blocks did cause the carvers problems, perhaps because they were fragile (perhaps the stone was damaged) or because the join had not been made tight enough.

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