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Source Image: PR205_1_01_05 of Plate XXX / Scene XXXIX of Column of Trajan

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Description

Close-up of Trajan.

Monument
Column of Trajan 
Monument Part
Plate XXX / Scene XXXIX 
Monument Type
Relief 
Material(s)
Luna Marble (Archaeometric identification)  
Date
circa ad 113 
Keywords
BodyClothing  
Collections
Column of Trajan, Rome  

Location

Current Location
Rome 

Evidence for working practices

1. Block joint

Process
Placement
Description
The channel running down the drapery on the emperor's shoulder, in which marks of the flat chisel are clearly visible, crosses the joint between drums without interruption, another indication that carving was carried out only once these drums were set in place.

2. - Toolmarks

Process
Smoothing
Tool
Rasp
Description
Very clear rasp marks can be on the flesh of the neck and the edge of the emperor's clothing.

2. - Toolmarks

Process
Fine shaping
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
Marks of the flat chisel can be seen in the channels carved into the emperor's clothing.

Notes

In this detail one can also see how toolmarks are only visible on that area protected by a sort of coating on the surface of the stone, so-called scialbatura. Whether this was a coating deliberately applied to the stone or a naturally-occurring patina remains debated.

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