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Source Image: PR201_01_13 of Exterior Relief of Ara Pacis Augustae

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Description

Detail of the faces of Roman officials.

Monument
Ara Pacis Augustae 
Monument Part
Exterior Relief 
Monument Type
Architecture 
Material(s)
Luna Marble (Archaeometric identification)  
Date
bc 13 - bc
Keywords
HeadRoman Official  
Collections
Ara Pacis, Rome  

Location

Original Location
Rome 

Evidence for working practices

1. - Toolmarks

Process
Smoothing
Tool
Rasp
Description
Marks of the rasp seem to be visible on the face of the righthand figure and we know from other examples on the Ara Pacis that the rasp was often used on skin.

1. - Toolmarks

Process
Fine shaping
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
The corner of the flat chisel is used to incise the texture in the hair.

3. Toolmarks

Process
Smoothing
Tool
Scraper
Description
The smoothing on the side of this figure's face was achieved using a toothed scraper.

4. Toolmarks

Process
Restoration
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Vertical (90°)
Force: Gentle
Description
The incised irises and pupils in this figure's eyes were probably add later. These alterations are usually dated to the Hadrianic period, sometimes to Late Antiquity.

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