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Source Image: PR202_03_01 of Entablature (Museum) of Temple of Vespasian

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Description

Detail of entablature now in the Capitoline Museums.

Monument
Temple of Vespasian 
Monument Part
Entablature (Museum) 
Monument Type
Architecture 
Material(s)
Luna Marble (Archaeometric identification)  
Date
ad 79 - circa ad 87 
Keywords
GuidelineFoliageMouldingEntablature  
Collections
Temple of Vespasian, Rome  

Location

Original Location
Rome 
Current Location
Capitoline Museums 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Squaring
Tool
Saw
Description
The flat surface at the top of the roughed-out section has been cut with the saw, suggesting that the whole block was sawn on at least this face, probably before it arrived at the building site.

2. Toolmarks

Process
Roughing-out
Tool
Point
Method
Angle: Vertical (90°)
Force: Medium
Description
The marks of the point chisel can be seen on the roughed-out section of the architrave.

3. - Toolmarks

Process
Fine shaping
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Medium
Description
The marks of the flat chisel are visible within the guideline strip, especially on the curved surfaces.

3. - Guideline

Process
Laying-out
Description
The narrow strip of finished carving is effectively a guide for further work on the block.

4. Toolmarks

Process
Smoothing
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
The flat surfaces within the guideline strip are smoothed with the flat chisel.

Notes

The three levels of roughing-out can be seen clearly in this close-up image but it is also evident that the guideline strip was shaped in two phases. A first phase of definition, revealed by the slightly raised borders within this strip, was follow by the smoothing of the surface along the middle of this strip. This final level of work defined the forms that the carvers responsible for the rest of the carving were supposed to reference.

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